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|Topic title||Impact of COVID-19 (2023)|
|Topic owner||Dr Catherine Sian Jones|
|Topic author(s)||Eka Famodile, Hannah Stovin, Dana Sumilo|
The COVID-19 pandemic and the restrictions introduced to curb it, have had an enormous impact on many aspects of life in this country. Whilst everyone in the UK has been affected by the pandemic, the effects were unevenly spread throughout society, with vulnerable and at risk groups being disproportionately impacted. COVID exacerbated the health inequalities already present within our communities and made them worse, so that people from deprived and vulnerable backgrounds were more likely to be infected, hospitalised with a severe illness and die from the virus.
Nottingham has been particularly hard hit by the pandemic with over a thousand deaths due to COVID-19. The relatively high levels of deprivation experienced by many communities within the city have led to health inequalities, which have catalysed the negative impacts of the virus in terms of mortality, morbidity, access to services, financial resilience and mental health.
Against this background, this chapter of the Nottingham City JSNA, focuses on the health impacts of the COVID pandemic from a variety of perspectives, taking health inequalities, wider determinants and population health into consideration. The initial drafts of this chapter were written in 2021, a further version based on refreshed data and content produced during the summer of 2022, and a final update undertaken in Spring 2023.
It is hoped that this document will contribute towards a greater understanding of the way that both the society and health and care systems within Nottingham City were impacted by COVID-19. Through this insight and the shared understanding that develops from it, the city may then work towards a meaningful, effective and sustainable recovery from the detrimental effects of the pandemic.
The structure of this report is based on the King’s Fund framework of four pillars of population health:
A separate section devoted to “The Impact on Mental Health and Wellbeing” has also been included in this JSNA chapter, as we believe that this ongoing effect of the pandemic will continue to have short, medium- and longer-term consequences for our society.
This assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on the lives and health of people of Nottingham City has highlighted the areas that have been most affected by the pandemic. To help aid our understanding we asked several questions, which form the framework for this chapter:
The connection between the four pillars of population health is important and underpins some key findings from this report:
Public Health Knowledge & Intelligence Team