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|Topic title||Children and young people special educational need and disability (2016)|
|Topic owner||Helene Denness|
|Topic author(s)||Russell Wiseman, Helene Denness and Jean Robinson|
|Topic quality reviewed||30/11/2016|
|Topic endorsed by||Special Educational Needs Board|
|Topic approved by||Special Educational Needs Board|
|Linked JSNA topics|
|Insight Document ID||/d/180428|
This chapter considers the health and education needs of children and young people, 0-25 years, with special educational needs and disabilities who live in Nottingham City. The needs of adults with disabilities are outlined in other chapters.
Children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities are a broad and diverse group and include individuals with complex needs requiring multi level support as well as those who require substantially less input (ChiMat 2016).
Special educational needs are legally defined:
“Children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it significantly harder for them to learn or access education than
most other children of their age” (Department for Education 2014).
The definition of special educational needs is a broad one covering a wide range of need including behavioural, emotional and social difficulties, autistic spectrum disorders and specific learning difficulties such as dyslexia.
A person is disabled if he or she has a “…physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and long-term’ negative effect on his or her ability to do normal daily activities” (Equality Act 2010).
Children and young people who have special educational needs (SEN) experience significant barriers to learning but do not necessarily have a disability. Children and young people with disabling conditions do not necessarily have SEN, however, there is a significant overlap between disabled children and young people and those with SEN. Porter et al (2008) estimate that approximately three-quarters of ‘disabled’ children are also identified as SEN.
Helene Denness, Consultant in Public Health, Nottingham City Council firstname.lastname@example.org
Clare Gilbert email@example.com
Charlotte Reading firstname.lastname@example.org